The Chrysanthemum and the Sword is a book about Japanese national character. It is a research report submitted by Ruth, a famous American cultural anthropologist, in the study of Japanese national character. It is a book about analyzing Japanese cultural character. As a Japanese major, she wanted to know something about the history, culture and society of Japanese nationality, so she chose "chrysanthemum and knife".
The author of the Japanese national culture contradiction vividly summarized as "Chrysanthemum" and "knife" in the book, "Chrysanthemum" is the Japanese royal family crest, "knife" is a symbol of Japanese samurai culture. The book is named after the "chrysanthemum and the knife", symbolizing the contradictory character of the Japanese and the duality of Japanese culture. In my opinion, the chrysanthemum represents the humility and the character of the Japanese nation, and also shows that the Japanese people have the same quality as chrysanthemum. The knife is made me think of the Japanese national spirit of "Bushido". It bears the hope and perseverance of the Japanese nation, as well as the belligerent side of the Japanese nation. The three characters of "chrysanthemum and the knife" can fully summarize the contradictory character of the Japanese and the duality of Japanese culture.
The Japanese are both aggressive and modest. They are loyal, rebellious, obedient, unwilling to be manipulated, and so on. They can embody the contradictory characteristics of Japanese people.
The Meiji restoration has achieved unprecedented success, but its success has also brought some positive and negative effects to Japan and even the whole world. First, after Japan's Meiji Restoration, it became one of the world's powerful nations because of its prosperity and strength. The expansion of militarism made Japan continue to attack overseas after Meiji Restoration. For the whole world, the success of Meiji Restoration is a great threat to them, because a small island country, Japan, can defeat the then great power China, and even defeat the European powers, Russia, which shocked the rest of the world.
The success of education, military, constitutional and economic reforms in the Meiji Restoration also led to the rise of military forces in Japan. The constitutional reform of the Meiji Restoration, soldier soldier to a great extent weight, also mastered the national decision-making power, as the German military superstition hegemony, Japan has also planted the hidden dangers of militarism, and jointly provoke extreme nationalism. This result makes Japan after the invasion to the various regions of Asia, even to attack the United States, and finally in the two World War quagmire, the human freedom and democracy and peace Maimer, because Hiroshima Nagasaki atomic bomb, Japan has become the world's only country by atomic bomb attack. Death and property loss of the Japanese people, it is a painful price of Japanese militarism in the dream.
Japanese is both aggressive and gentle humility; and both militaristic advocating of beauty; both arrogant and stubborn and obstinate both refined and courteous; flexible; both tame and does not want to be at the mercy of both loyalty and trust; treason; both brave and cowardly; both conservative and the courage to accept the new way of life. At present, although the world's environment has changed, there may be some changes in the way of life and belief in Japan, but no matter how it is, this book is helpful to the study of Japan. In China, after the founding of new Chinese naturally get rid of the feudal rule, the people's liberation, there is more freedom, but to promote filial piety and righteousness to a lot less, on the other hand, the rapid development of the network, making all kinds of domestic and foreign distorted political speech and bad information everywhere, these are quietly affect our living habits and ideological education. Junior strong Guoqiang, as Chinese, only those who accept the correct good education, establish a correct outlook on life, values, world outlook for the Chinese nation to nation in the world to contribute.